Migraine is a chronic neurological disease that causes symptoms such as:
- Severe headache, lasting an average of 3 hours and lasting up to 3 days;
- Intense, throbbing pain that focuses more on one side of the head;
- Changes in sleep and eating;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Blurred vision or patches of light in the field of vision;
- Sensitivity to light and noise;
- Sensitivity to certain smells, such as perfumes or cigarette smells;
- Difficulty concentrating.
It is also common for headaches to increase while performing day-to-day activities, such as going up or down stairs, riding in a car or squatting, for example.
In addition to these symptoms, there may also be some visual changes, such as flashes of light and a bright image, which indicate the presence of a migraine with aura.
causes of migraine
The causes of migraine are not yet fully understood, however, it tends to be more common in women, due to the hormonal changes of the menstrual cycle. In addition, people who experience periods of high stress or who are having trouble falling asleep are also more likely to develop a migraine attack.
In addition, other factors such as the use of certain medications, eating processed foods or changes in the weather can also increase the chances of developing a migraine.
Migraine treatment should be indicated by a neurologist, who will prescribe some drugs such as Cefaliv, Zomig, Migretil or Enxak for pain relief and other medications for other symptoms, such as Plasil, for nausea and vomiting.
To treat migraine effectively, it is very important to learn to recognize the first symptoms that usually precede the headache, such as feeling sick, pain in the back of the neck, slight dizziness or sensitivity to light, smell or noise, so that treatment can be performed. started as soon as possible.