The warts on the penis is a symptom of infection with HPV, human papillomavirus, and is mainly located the glans penis. Warts are usually the same color of the skin and may be smooth or similar to cauliflower.
The warts on the penis, also known as condyloma acuminata or cockscomb, is transmitted mainly through sexual intercourse without using a condom.
Although there is no treatment that can eliminate the HPV virus from the body, therapies indicated by the doctor, as use of creams and ointments, laser surgery and cryotherapy, help remove the warts, reducing the risk of transmitting the virus to others people.
What can be warts on the penis
The warts on the penis, or condyloma acuminata is usually sexually transmitted sign of infection caused by HPV, a type of virus that infects the skin and mucous membranes causing the emergence of one or more lesions on the glans (penis head) of the penis.
Key signs and symptoms
Besides the presence of the same color as skin lesions, which may be visible to the naked eye, or very small, and may be flat or similar to a cauliflower, other signs and symptoms may also accompany the wart on the penis, and :
Itching or irritation;
Importantly, the lesions on the penis may arise between two months and 20 years after infection and do not cause pain. Moreover, in most cases, the warts on the penis is not accompanied by other signs or symptoms.
The transmission of warts on the penis occurs through direct contact with the lesions, mainly through sexual intercourse without using a condom, whether by oral, anal and vaginal and can happen even without the vaginal or anal penetration. Although quite rare, the transmission of warts on the penis can also happen to the shared use of sex toys, underwear, towels, baths and toilets.
Some risk factors can increase the chances of contracting the wart on the penis, such as:
Having sex with multiple (as) partners (as);
Have had another sexually transmitted infection;
Having sex with (a) partner (a) does not know the health history.
In addition, people with compromised immune systems, such as pregnant women, people on chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, in use of immunosuppressive drugs and people living with HIV / AIDS are also more likely to contract the wart on the penis.
How to confirm the diagnosis
The diagnosis of warts on the penis should be done by a urologist, who will evaluate the possible symptoms presented, injuries and health history of the person.
In addition, the doctor may also order some tests to complement the diagnosis, such as examination of biopsy and peniscopy blood, a test that is done with the microscope use to identify very small lesions on the penis, helping to confirm the cause of warts on the penis .
How is the treatment
The cure for HPV only happens when the body can fight the virus naturally. However, some treatments are indicated to eliminate the warts, which prevents the transmission of the virus to others.
The treatments set to remove the warts on the penis vary according to the size and location of lesions and include the use of medications, surgery, cryotherapy or laser.
The application, in injuries, some ointments and creams, such as trichloroacetic, podophyllin and interferon acid can be displayed and made the doctor's office to help strengthen the immune system and prevent the spread of the HPV virus.
In addition, certain ointments and creams may also be suitable for self application at home as imiquimod, which must be applied to the site on alternate days and for up to 16 weeks, and podophyllotoxin, which should be applied to lesions 2 times per day for up to 3 days in a row
This type of treatment uses an intense beam of light to destroy the blood vessels of the lesions and decrease blood flow, thereby causing cell death and helping to fight the warts on the penis.
Cryotherapy is a technique that applies cold lesions, reducing blood flow and promoting the death of warts.
This procedure is indicated only when you need to assess the causative type of wart virus in the penis. In addition, surgery may also be recommended for people with a lot of very large lesions or lesions, or in cases that do not respond to other forms of treatment.